Extraordinary Circumstances: The Seven Days Battles

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Brian K. Lees plan as given in General Orders no Charging Batteries Is Highly Dangerous. Troop movements June Why Those Men Are Rebels. Savage Station June He Rose and Walked Off in Silence.

Extraordinary Circumstances: The Seven Days Battles by Brian K. Burton

White Oak Swamp and Bracketts June I Thought I Heard Firing. Ewells attacks Gainess Mill June Final assaults on Sykess line Gainess Mill June Final assaults on Morells line Gainess Mill June Garuett s or Goldings Farm June Huger's division was to follow as well, but Lee reserved the right to position him based on developments. The divisions of Longstreet and A. Hill, which had been the most heavily engaged in Glendale the previous day, were held in reserve.

Lectures in History: Civil War Peninsula Campaign & Seven Days' Battles Preview

Once again, Lee's complex plan was poorly executed. The approaching soldiers were delayed by severely muddy roads and poor maps.

Jackson arrived at the swampy creek called Western Run and stopped abruptly. Magruder's guides mistakenly sent him on the Long Bridge Road to the southwest, away from the battlefield. Eventually the battle line was assembled with Huger's division brigades of Brig. Wright and Lewis A. Armistead on the Confederate right and D. Hill's division brigades of Brig. John Bell Hood and Col. Evander M. Law on the Quaker Road to the left. They awaited the Confederate bombardment before attacking. Unfortunately for Lee, Henry Hunt struck first, launching one of the greatest artillery barrages in the war from 1 p.

The Union gunners had superior equipment and expertise and disabled most of the Confederate batteries. His attack was piecemeal and poorly organized. Meanwhile, D. Hill launched his division forward along the Quaker Road, past Willis Church. Hill is quoted as saying that, "It wasn't war, it was murder. Lee's army suffered 5, casualties versus 3, Union in this wasted effort, but continued to follow the Union army all the way to Harrison's Landing.

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On Evelington Heights, part of the property of Edmund Ruffin , the Confederates had an opportunity to dominate the Union camps, making their position on the bank of the James potentially untenable; although the Confederate position would be subjected to Union naval gunfire, the heights were an exceptionally strong defensive position that would have been very difficult for the Union to capture with infantry. Cavalry commander Jeb Stuart reached the heights and began bombardment with a single cannon. This alerted the Federals to the potential danger and they captured the heights before any Confederate infantry could reach the scene.

General Robert E. Lee [65].

Seven Days Battles

McClellan, letter to his wife [65]. Malvern Hill was not a tenable position to stay in, and the Army of the Potomac quickly withdrew to Harrison's Landing, where it was protected by Union gunboats on the James River. The army was in no condition for a renewed offensive; close to 16, men and officers had been killed or wounded between June 25 and July 1, particularly in the V Corps, which had done the heaviest fighting, while the survivors were extremely tired after a week of fighting and marching with little food or sleep, most of the artillery ammunition had been used up, and the summer weather was taking its toll with the army sick lists getting longer and longer.

Meanwhile, the equally-exhausted Army of Northern Virginia, with no reason to remain in the James bottomlands, pulled back to the Richmond lines to lick its wounds.

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  • Extraordinary Circumstances : The Seven Days Battles by Brian K. Burton (2001, Hardcover).
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  • Lee takes command, June 1st, 1862.
  • McClellan wrote a series of letters to the War Department arguing that he was facing upwards of , Confederates and that he needed major reinforcements to launch a renewed offensive on Richmond. By giving him the commands in Northern Virginia, troops from the Washington garrison, and whatever forces could be pulled from the West, he argued that he might have a fighting chance. General-in-chief Henry Halleck replied back that McClellan's requests were impossible and that if the Confederate army were really as large as he claimed, then trying to reinforce him with Pope and Burnside's commands in Northern Virginia was suicide, since the Confederates could easily crush either Union army with overwhelming strength.

    Halleck also pointed out that mosquito season was coming up in August-September, and to remain on the swampy Virginia Peninsula at that time of the year was inviting a disastrous malaria and yellow fever epidemic. On August 4, the order came down for McClellan to withdraw from the Peninsula and return to the Aquia Creek area at once.

    Brian K Burton

    Both sides suffered heavy casualties. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia suffered about 20, casualties 3, killed, 15, wounded, and captured or missing out of a total of over 90, soldiers during the Seven Days. McClellan reported casualties of about 16, 1, killed, 8, wounded, and 6, captured or missing out of a total of , Despite their victory, many Confederates were stunned by the losses.

    The effects of the Seven Days Battles were widespread.

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    After a successful start on the Peninsula that foretold an early end to the war, Northern morale was crushed by McClellan's retreat. Despite heavy casualties and clumsy tactical performances by Lee and his generals, Confederate morale skyrocketed, and Lee was emboldened to continue his aggressive strategy through the Second Battle of Bull Run and the Maryland Campaign. McClellan's previous position as general-in-chief of all the Union armies, vacant since March, was filled on July 23, , by Maj.

    Halleck , although McClellan did retain command of the Army of the Potomac.

    Extraordinary Circumstances: The Seven Days Battles

    Meanwhile, Robert E. Lee embarked on a thorough reorganization of the Army of Northern Virginia, forming it into two corps commanded by James Longstreet and Stonewall Jackson. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. McClellan and Robert E. Peninsula Campaign. Further information: American Civil War. Main article: Peninsula campaign. Further information: Seven Days Battles Union order of battle. Edwin V.

    Samuel P. Erasmus D. Fitz John Porter. William B. Philip St. George Cooke. Further information: Seven Days Battles Confederate order of battle. Stonewall Jackson. James Longstreet. Theophilus H. Further information: Battle of Oak Grove. Further information: Battle of Beaver Dam Creek. This was the first of four occasions within the next seven days when Jackson would fail to display initiative, resourcefulness, or dependability—the very qualities that were later to raise him to the stature of one of the foremost military leaders.

    Further information: Battle of Gaines's Mill.

    Further information: Battle of Savage's Station. Further information: Battle of Malvern Hill. Our success has not been as great or complete as we should have desired. Under ordinary circumstances the Federal Army should have been destroyed. My conscience is clear at least to this extent—viz. American Civil War portal.

    Hill, D. Hill, Jackson, and part of Stuart's cavalry brigade, 55,; Holmes in reserve, 7, Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

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